15 Chùm Chủ đề “Bất Bại” của Simon – Writing Task 2 (Part2)

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Idea cho IELTS Writing Task 2

Gender

Gender and education Gender and work
  • Men and women should have access to the same educational opportunities
  • Males and females should be accepted onto courses according to their abilities
  • It is wrong to discriminate against students because of their gender
  • Gender should be irrelevant in education
  • Student’s achievements should depend on hard work and individual merit
  • In the UK, there are similar numbers of male and female students in higher education
  • Men and women should have access to the same professional opportunities
  • Both man and women should be able to pursue a career
  • They should earn equal salaries
  • They should be employed according to their abilities, qualifications and experience
  • Traditional women have been restricted to certain roles
  • They were often employed as secretaries or receptionists
  • Nowadays, a range of occupations is available to both sexes
  • Career success depends on individual merit

Women’s and Men’s roles in the Family

  • Some people argue that a mother should not work
  • She should stay at home and bring up her children
  • The father should be the breadwinner of the family
  • Others believe that both parents should share these responsibilities
  • Working women can take maternity leave during and after pregnancy
  • Many mothers continue to work after this period
  • Many fathers and mothers share their parenting and domestic responsibilities
  • They contribute equally to childcare, cooking and cleaning
  • Some women may have better career prospects than their husbands.  Paternity leave and “househusbands” are becoming more common
  • Traditional gender roles are gradually changing
  • Families can divide roles and responsibilities in the most convenient way.

Genetic Engineering

Positives of genetic engineering Negatives of genetic engineering
  • Genetic engineering is the practice of manipulating the genes of an organism
  • It is used to produce crops that are more resistant to insects and diseases
  • Some genetically modified crops grow more quickly
  • Some drugs and vaccines are produced by genetic engineering
  • It may become possible to change human’s genetic characteristics.  Scientists may use genetic engineering to cure diseases.
  • Inherited illnesses would no longer exist
  • Genes could be changed before a baby is born
  • It could also be possible to clone human organs
  • We could all have replacement body part
  • Humans could live longer, healthier lives
  • There are ethical concerns about human genetic engineering
  • Parents might want to choose their children’s characteristics
  • This would be unnatural
  • It would be unacceptable in most religions
  • Soldiers could be cloned from the genes of the strongest people
  • Clones might be used like robots to do certain jobs
  • Clones might even be developed just for organ replacements
  • Society and human evolution would change completely
  • Currently, human genetic engineering is prohibited

 

Genetically-Modified (GM) foods: Advantages  Genetically-Modified (GM) Foods: Disadvantages
  • Farmers can produce crops that grow bigger and faster
  • Some GM crops are more resistant to disease or insects
  • This could be important for food production in developing countries
  • Faster growing cereals, fruit and vegetables will mean more profit
  • GM foods can be modified to look perfect
  • They may be more attractive to customers

  • There may be risks involved in the genetic engineering of foods.  GM crops might change whole ecosystems
  • Food chains could be broken if crops are resistant to predators
  • Organic foods are produced without chemicals or genetic modification
  • Organic farming may be slower and more expensive
  • However, the environment is not damaged by fertilizers or pesticides.

Global issues

Problems in developing countries  How to help developing countries
  • Developing countries face a range if problems
  • Standards of healthcare and education are low
  • Life expectancy is usually lower than in developed countries
  • There is a lack of infrastructure, employment and good quality housing
  • Many people are forced to live in poverty
  • Food, drinking water and basic medicines are in short supply
  • The best form of help for developing countries is development aid
  • Richer nations can help by investing in long-term projects
  • Governments and charities can help by building new houses and schools
  • Globalization may also help developing countries
  • Multi-national companies can create jobs in developing countries
  • On the other hand, many people emigrate to find work in richer countries
  • They often sand money back home to their families
  • This money helps to improve the standard of living in developing countries

Immigration

  • Some people move to other countries in search of a better life
  • Many immigrants come from less developed countries
  • Richer, industrialized countries may offer opportunities for employment
  • Free healthcare and schooling are available in some developed countries
  • Other people migrate to a foreign country to improve their academic qualifications

Government and Society

What governments can do Public services
  • Governments provide public services like healthcare and education
  • They support people who are living in poverty or unable to work
  • Governments raise money by taxing working people
  • They can spend money on resources and campaigns
  • They can introduce new laws
  • They can impose taxes
  • They can raise people’s awareness of issues (e.g climate change/healthy eating)
  • They can influence people’s habits and opinions
  • They can create jobs
  • They can regulate the activities of companies such as banks
  • They can provide resources for schools
  • They are also responsible for the security and well-being of their citizens
  • They control armed forces and police forces
  • Governments pay the salaries of public sector workers like police officers and teachers
  • The necessary money is raised by taxing people’s income
  • Free education and healthcare may be provided by the state
  • Some governments control public transport systems and even TV channels
  • In other countries, these services are provided by private companies
  • Some people believe that competition between private companies is good
  • It helps to improve quality while bringing prices down
  • Other people think that essential services should be free
  • Governments should pay for them

 

Censorship: Opinion

  • Governments can censor what the public sees or reads in the media
  • To a certain extent, censorship is necessary
  • We should use censorship to protect children from violent images
  • Some computer games involve killing people or committing crimes
  • The Internet also needs to be controlled
  • Many websites show pornography and violence
  • There should be age limits for websites and computers games
  • Parents need to take responsibility for checking what their children watch
  • It is impossible for governments to control everything we see

Guns and Weapons

Why guns should be legal: Why gun ownership should be illegal: 
  • In some countries, people are allowed to own firearms
  • Individuals have the right to protect themselves  People can use guns in self-defense
  • This deters criminals
  • There is a risk of accidents with guns
  • The number of violent crimes increases when guns are available
  • Criminals may be armed
  • The police then need to use guns
  • Suicide rates have been shown to rise when guns are available
  • Guns create violent societies with high murder rates

 

Why polices should use guns  Why police should not carry guns
  • Many criminals use weapons
  • The threat of a gun can deter criminals
  • Police officers can force a criminal to surrender
  • It is easier to arrest someone and avoid physical violence
  • The police may shoot violent criminals in self-defence
  • They can protect the public
  • They can shoot an escaping criminal who poses a serious danger to the public
  • There is a risk of accidents and mistakes
  • The police might shoot an unarmed criminal or an innocent person
  • Accidents can happen in public places
  • There are several alternatives to guns (e.g tear gas, sprays and electric shock weapons)
  • Only special police units should use guns

Health Diet

Diet Exercise
  • The human body requires a balanced diet
  • An unhealthy diet can cause various health problems
  • Obesity, diabetes and heart disease are on the increase
  • Many people nowadays rely on fast food or pre-prepared meals
  • These foods often contain too much fat, salt and sugar
  • They are cheap to buy and very easy to prepare
  • Many young people have grown up on a diet of convenience foods
  • Populations in developed countries are increasingly overweight
  • Regular exercise is essential in maintaining a healthy body
  • Exercise burns calories and helps to build healthy bones and muscles
  • Doctors advise exercising at least three times a week for 20 minutes
  • Most people nowadays lead a sedentary lifestyle
  • We tend to walk less and do desk jobs
  • Most adults relax by watching television
  • Children play video games rather than doing outdoor sports
  • In the past, people were more active in their jobs and at home

Government’s Role

  • Governments have a significant role to play in reducing obesity
  • More and more people, including young children, are seriously overweight
  • They are at risk of heart disease and diabetes
  • This situation will increase the burden on hospitals and taxpayers
  • Hospitals rely on the government for money and resources
  • Governments should promote a healthy diet and regular exercise
  • There should be more time for sports on school timetables
  • Unhealthy junk food should be banned from school menus
  • People need information about what foods contain

Housing and Architecture 

State/council housing

  • In some countries, the government provides state or council housing
  • This helps people who cannot afford to buy their own house
  • It can be argued that state housing creates dependence on the government
  • People should rely on the government to look after them
  • People have no incentive to earn money and buy their own home
  • Council properties are often made with cheap, poor-quality materials.

Old Buildings

  • Historic buildings are part of a country’s heritage
  • They should be protected
  • Old buildings are often considered to be works or art
  • They give character to cities and attract tourists
  • They show us how people lived in the past
  • We identify countries by architectural symbols like the pyramids in Egypt
  • Governments should spend money on looking after historic buildings
  • They need regular repairs and maintenance
  • New buildings should be designed to complement them

Modern/green buildings

  • Modern buildings should be designed to be environmentally friendly
  • They should use less energy and produce less waste
  • Modern insulation can make houses more energy-efficient
  • Solar and wind power can be used to generate electricity
  • Rainwater and waste water can be recycled and used to flush toilets.
  • Modern glass buildings take advantage if natural light

Language

English as an international language Negative of English as an International Language
  • English is widely used around the world
  • It is becoming a global second language
  • It is the dominant language of technology, science and international business
  • International business meetings are regularly held in English
  • The most important textbooks and journals are published in English
  • The ability to speak English is a necessary skill in the modern world
  • If one language is dominant, other languages may disappear
  • The dominant language brings its own culture
  • American culture has become popular around the world
  • Other cultures may be damaged
  • As an alternative to English, a new global language could be invented
  • It would have no nationality or culture attached to it
  • This could help to promote international peace and understanding
  • Esperanto is an example of a language that was invented with this aim

Nếu vẫn cảm thấy chưa yên tâm sau khi “luyện tủ” 30 chủ đề cực hay của thầy Simon, bạn vẫn có thể tham khảo các bài viết khác trong phần Writing trên trang chính thức của IELTS Tố Linh nhé! Chúng mình đã tổng hợp rất nhiều bài viết, review sách học đáng tin cậy và cung cấp rất nhiều kiến thức khác phù hợp cho bạn tự ôn tập các kĩ năng của IELTS, đặc biệt là Writing. Hãy để IELTS Tố Linh đi cùng bạn trên con đường chinh phục “đỉnh” IELTS nhé!

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