Giải mã IELTS Speaking với các phrases không thể bỏ qua

Tiếp tục với các 20 chủ đề Speaking cô đã gửi tới các em tuần trước, hôm nay cô gửi tới các em các cụm từ rất chi là “Academic” mà cô đã rút ra và tổng hợp trong các bài mẫu Ielts Speaking trước đó. Trong 1 câu trả lời của mình chỉ cần có 2-3 cụm từ này là điểm đã khác biệt rõ rệt rồi đó các em. Đảm bảo các em sẽ không phải “chết đứng như Từ Hải” và chém gió “ngọt xớt” khi gặp câu hỏi Speaking!

  1. EDUCATION

to attend classes: to go to classes

bachelors degree: an undergraduate course which usually lasts 3-4 years

boarding school: a school where pupils live during term time

distance learning: a way of studying where tuition is carried out over the Internet or by post

face-to-face classes: as opposed to distance learning the traditional way of studying in a classroom with colleagues and a teacher

to fall behind with your studies: to progress less quickly than others

to give feedback: to offer guidance on a student’s work

a graduation ceremony: an event where a successful student receives his or her academic degree

higher education: education, usually in a college or university, that is followed after high school or secondary school

an intensive course: a course that offers lots of training in order to reach a goal in as short a time as possible

to keep up with your studies: to not fall behind

to learn something by heart: to memorize it

a mature student: a student who is older than average and who has usually returned to education after a period at work

masters degree: a period of study which often follows the completion of a bachelors degree or is undertaken by someone regarded as capable of a higher-level academic course

to meet a deadline: to finish a job or task in the time allowed or agreed

to play truant: to stay away from classes without permission

private language school: an independent school run as a business concern

public schools: exclusive independent schools in the UK

a single-sex school: a school where only boys or girls attend (as opposed to a mixed-sex school)

to sit an exam: to take an exam

state school: a school paid for by public funds and available to the general public

subject specialist: a teacher who has a great deal of knowledge about the subject they teach.

to take a year out: to spend a year working or travelling before starting university

tuition fees: the money paid for a course of study

to work your way through university: to have a paid job whilst studying to support yourself financially

  1. WORK

to be called for an interview: to be invited to attend an interview

to be your own boss: to have your own business

a dead-end job: a job with no promotional opportunities

to do a job-share: to share the weekly hours of work with another person

a good team player: somebody who can work well with other people

full-time: the number of hours that people usually work in a complete week

a heavy workload: to have a lot of work to do

a high-powered job: an important or powerful job

holiday entitlement: the number of days holiday allowed

job satisfaction: the feeling of enjoying a job

manual work: work that requires physical activity

maternity leave: time off work given to a woman about to have a baby

to meet a deadline: to finish a job by an agreed time

a nine-to-five job: a normal job that consists of an 8 hour day (approximately)

one of the perks of the job: an extra benefit you get from a job

part-time: working less than full-time

to run your own business: see ‘to be your own boss’

to be self-employed: see ‘to be your own boss’

sick leave: time allowed off work when sick

to be stuck behind a desk: to be unhappy in an office job

to be/get stuck in a rut: to be in a boring job that is hard to leave

to take early retirement: to retire early (retire: to reach an age when you are allowed to stop working for a living)

temporary work: work done for a limited time only

voluntary work: to work without pay

to be well paid: to earn a good salary

working conditions: the hours, salary and other entitlements that comes with the job

to work with your hands: to do manual work

  1. HEALTH

aches and pains: minor pains that continue over a period of time

to be a bit off colour: to feel a little ill

to be at death’s door: (informal) to be very ill indeed

to be on the mend: to be recovering after an illness

to be over the worst: to have got through the most serious or uncomfortable stage of an illness

to be under the weather: (informal) to not feel well

a blocked nose: when the nose has excess fluid due to a cold

to catch a cold: to get a cold

a check-up: a physical examination by a doctor

a chesty cough: a cough caused by congestion around the lungs

cuts and bruises: minor injuries

to feel poorly: to feel ill

as fit as a fiddle: to be very healthy

to go down with a cold: to become ill

to go private: to choose to be treated by commercial healthcare rather than by services offered by the state

GP: General Practitioner (family doctor)

to have a filling: to have a tooth repaired

to have a tooth out: to have a tooth removed

a heavy cold: a bad cold

to make an appointment: to arrange a time to see the doctor

to make a speedy recovery: to recover quickly from an illness

to phone in sick: to call work to explain you won’t be attending work due to illness

prescription charges: money the patient pays for medicine authorised by a doctor

to pull a muscle: to strain a muscle

a runny nose: a nose that has liquid coming out of it

a sore throat: inflammation that causes pain when swallowing

 

  1. BOOKS AND FILMS

an action movie: a film with fast moving scenes, often containing violence

to be engrossed in: to be completely focused on one thing

bedtime reading: something to read in bed before you go to sleep

to be a big reader: someone who reads a lot

to be based on: to use as a modal

a box office hit: a financially successful film

to be heavy-going: difficult to read

a blockbuster: a film that is a big commercial success

to catch the latest movie: to see a film that has just come out

the central character: the main person in a film or book

a classic: of the highest quality

to come highly recommended: to be praised by another person

couldn’t put it down: wasn’t able to stop reading a book

an e-book: a digital book

an e-reader: a device for reading e-books

to flick through: to look quickly through a book

to get a good/bad review: to receive positive or negative feedback

to go on general release: when a film can be seen by the general public

hardback: a book with a rigid cover (see ‘paperback’ below)

a historical novel: a story set in the past

a low budget film: a film made with a small amount of money

on the big screen: at the cinema

a page turner: a book that you want to keep reading

paperback: a book with a flexible cover (see ‘hardback’ above)

plot: the main events in a film or book

to read something from cover to cover: to read a book from the first page to the last

sci-fi: science fiction

to see a film: to see a film at the cinema (see ‘watch a film’ below)

the setting: where the action takes place

showings: performances of a film

soundtrack: the music that accompanies a film

special effects: the visuals or sounds that are added to a film which are difficult to produce naturally

to take out (a book from the library): to borrow a book from the library

to tell the story of: to outline the details of someone’s life or an event

to watch a film: to watch a film on TV (see ‘to see a film’ above)

  1. ACCOMMODATION

(all the) mod cons: technology at home that makes jobs easier such as a washing machine, dishwasher etc.

apartment block: a large building made up of smaller units of apartments

back garden: a garden at the rear of the house

detached house: a house that is not physically connected to another property

to do up a property: to repair an old building

dream home: a home you regard as perfect

first-time buyer: someone buying a property for the first time, especially when taking out a loan (mortgage)

fully-furnished: a rented property with all furniture included

to get on the property ladder: to buy a property with the aim of buying another bigger or more expensive one later in life

hall of residence: a college or university building where students live

home comforts: things that make a home feel comfortable to live in

house-hunting: looking for a property to live in

house-warming party: a party to celebrate moving into a new home

ideal home: a perfect home

to live on campus: to live on the university or college grounds

mobile home: a home that can be moved by a vehicle or one that has its own engine

to move into: to begin to live in a property

to own your own home: to have bought the property you live in

to pay rent in advance: weekly or monthly rent paid at the beginning of the week or month

permanent address: a fixed address

property market: the buying and selling of land or buildings

to put down a deposit: to pay an amount of money as the first in a series of future payments

rented accommodation: property owned by someone else and for which a person pays a fixed amount to live in

single room: a room for one person

spacious room: a large room

student digs: student accommodation

the suburbs: a residential area on the edge of towns or cities

to take out a mortgage: to borrow a large amount of money, paid back over several years, in order to buy a house

terraced house: a house connected on both sides by other properties

 

  1. HOLIDAYS

all-in package/package holiday: a holiday where you purchase the travel and accommodation together

breathtaking view: an extremely beautiful view

charter-flight: a cheaper form of flying than a scheduled flight

check-in desk: the place at the airport where you register for your flight and deposit your luggage

departure lounge: where you wait for your flight to be called

far-off destination: somewhere a long way away

to get away from it all: to take a holiday to escape a busy or stressful lifestyle

guided tour: an organised group shown around a place of interest by an expert

holiday brochure: a glossy publication with details of holiday packages

holiday destination: where you go for a holiday

holiday of a lifetime: a special holiday that you are unlikely to repeat

holiday resort: a place where lots of people go for a holiday

hordes of tourists: crowds of tourists

local crafts: objects produced locally

long weekend: an extended weekend holiday including Friday or Monday

out of season: outside of the main holiday period

picturesque village: very pretty village

passport control: the place where your passport is checked

places of interest: sites of interest to tourists

wildlife safari: a holiday, often in Africa, to observe wild animals

self-catering: a holiday where you supply your own food

short break: a short holiday

to go sightseeing:  to look around the tourist sites

stunning landscape: extremely beautiful countryside

travel agent: a shop that specialises in booking holidays

tourist trap: somewhere where too many tourists go

youth hostel: a cheap form of accommodation

  1. RELATIONSHIPS

to break up: to end a romantic relationship

to drift apart: to become less close to someone

to enjoy someone’s company: to like spending time with someone

to fall for: to fall in love

to fall head over heels in love: to start to love someone a lot

to fall out with: to have a disagreement and stop being friends

to get on like a house on fire: to like someone’s company very much indeed

to get on well with: to understand someone and enjoy similar interests

to get to know: to begin to know someone

to go back years: to have known someone for a long time

to have a lot in common: to share similar interests

to have ups and downs: to have good and bad times

a healthy relationship: a good, positive relationship

to hit it off: to quickly become good friends with

to be in a relationship: to be romantically involved with someone

to be just good friends: to not be romantically involved

to keep in touch with: to keep in contact with

to lose touch with: to not see or hear from someone any longer

love at first sight: to fall in love immediately you meet someone

to pop the question: to ask someone to marry you

to see eye to eye: to agree on a subject

to settle down: to give up the single life and start a family

to strike up a relationship:  to begin a friendship

to tie the knot: to get married

to be well matched: to be similar to

to work at a relationship: to try to maintain a positive relationship with someone

  1. TECHNOLOGY

to access websites/email: to locate

to back up files: to make a copy of files in case of a computer problem

to boot up: to start a computer

to bookmark a webpage: to mark a webpage for future reference

to browse websites: to look at websites

a computer buff: an expert computer user

to crash: to suddenly stop working

to cut and paste: to move text or images from one place in a document to another place

a desktop PC: a computer that isn’t portable and remains in situ on a desk

digital editing: to edit digital materials like audio or video files

download (podcasts): to save a copy of a file from the internet to your own device

to enter a web address: to type the address of a website into the address bar of your browser

a gadget: a technological tool like a mobile phone or camera

to go online: to start using the Internet

high-spec (laptop): powerful computer with top quality components

Internet security: Internet safety

intranet: a network of connected computers within an organisation that is not accessible by unauthorised visitors

to navigate a website: to find your way around a website

operating system: the software that tells the computer how to work

send an attachment: send an email with an accompanying file

social media: media used to interact with other people such as Facebook or Twitter

to surf the web: to look at a series of websites one after the other

a techie: somebody who has an interest in technology

to upgrade: to obtain a more powerful or feature-rich computer or piece of software

video conferencing: to see and hear people from different locations using the Internet

wireless hotspot: a public place where you can access the Internet

wireless network: a network where users can access the Internet without the use of fixed cables

word processingproducing written texts on a computer

 

  1. SPORTS

an athletics meeting: an event where various athletics sports are held

an athletics track: a running track

an away game: a football match played in the opposing teams stadium

a brisk walk: a fast walk

to do judo: (not go or play)

a football fan: someone who likes football

a fitness programme: a schedule of activities to keep fit

a football match: a game of football

a football pitch: the surface on which you play football (as opposed to a stadium, which is the building)

a football season: a period in the year when football is played

to get into shape: to become fit

to go jogging: to run around the streets

a home game:  a football match played in the teams own stadium

to keep fit: to stay in good physically condition

to be out of condition: to not be physically fit

a personal best: to achieve the best personal result so far in a sport

a personal trainer: a sports coach that helps you on a one-to-one basis

to play tennis/football: (not do or go)

to run the marathon: to run a distance of 42.195 Kilometres

a season ticket: a ticket that gives you entry to most of a team’s home games during the sporting year.

to set a record: to achieve the best result in a sport

a sports centre: a public building where people can do various sports

sports facilities: the equipment and services needed to do a sport

a squash/tennis/badminton court: the surface where you play these sports

strenuous exercise: exercise that needs a lot of physical effort

a strong swimmer: a good swimmer

a swimming pool: the place where you swim

to take up exercise: to start doing exercise

to train hard: to train with a lot of effort

  1. FOOD

to be full up: to eat to the point that you can no longer eat any more

to be starving hungry: an exaggerated way of saying you are very hungry

to bolt something down: to eat something very quickly

to be dying of hunger: an exaggerated way of saying you are hungry

to eat a balanced diet: to eat the correct types and amounts of food

to eat like a horse: to eat a lot

to follow a recipe: to cook a meal using instructions

to foot the bill: to pay the bill

a fussy eater: somebody who has their own very high standards about what to eat

to grab a bite to eat: to eat something quickly (when you’re in a rush)

to have a sweet tooth: to enjoy sugary food

home-cooked food: food cooked at home from individual ingredients

the main meal:  the most important meal of the day, usually eaten in the evening

to make your mouth water: to make you feel very hungry for something

to play with your food: to push food around the plate to avoid eating it

processed food: commercially prepared food bought for convenience

a quick snack: to eat a small amount of food between meals

a ready meal: see ‘processed food’

a slap up meal: a large meal

to spoil your appetite: to eat something that will stop you feeling hungry when it’s meal-time.

a take away: a cooked meal prepared in a restaurant and eaten at home

to tuck into: to eat something with pleasure

to wine and dine: to entertain someone by treating them to food and drink

to work up an appetite: to do physical work that leads to you becoming hungry

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