Tính từ tả cảm xúc, tính cách người (part 2)

Hôm nay cô đăng trọn bộ sưu tập tính từ thần thánh này cho các bạn nè. Tip học từ vựng đó là ghi lại vào sổ các từ mới, kèm theo các từ có thể là đồng nghĩa, trái nghĩa, câu ví dụ kèm theo, và cách giải thích ngắn gọn mà quen thuộc với, dễ hiểu với mình nhất. Bài giảng hôm nay chưa phải là điểm kết thúc cho chủ đề về miêu tả người đâu nhé, thế nên đã học hết bài viết này thì các bạn cũng đừng quên Bộ từ vựng miêu tả người theo 12 chủ đề Linh dành cho các bạn nha, đây là các bài chia sẻ do Linh tổng hợp và Linh hy vọng các bạn sẽ ứng dụng thật tốt các bài giảng này mỗi khi gặp chủ đề liên quan đến người nhé!

  1. Bigoted: a prejudiced person who is intolerant of any opinions differing from his own (cổ hủ, bảo thủ)
  • Ex: All who protest at such matters are labelled ‘homophobic’ and mocked as narrow-minded, bigoted and censorious.
  1. Blunt: manner of speaking, lacking refinement or subtlety; straightforward and uncomplicated (thẳng thừng, không lựa lời)
  • Ex: I’ve lost friends due to being a very blunt person and speaking my mind.
  1. Callous: heartless, harsh, uncaring (lạnh lùng)
  • Ex: He was capable of cold, even callous detachment – surely qualities essential for that sort of work.
  1. Cynical: ironic, sarcastic (hay hoài nghi, hay nhạo bang, hay giễu cợt)
  • Ex: I read the rest of this report, looking at why we’re increasingly cynical about elections and governments.
  1. Determined: characterized by great determination. RESOLUTE (cương quyết, quả quyết)
  • Ex: Helen was a determined little girl
  1. Extravagant: going beyond usual bounds; unrestrained, spending to much money (xa xỉ, hoang phí)
  • Ex: Since her boyfriend was from a humble economic background, no one expected him to be so extravagant in his gifting during our common friend’s wedding.
  1. Fussy: annoyed and irritable, very particular about detail, PICKY (cầu kỳ, kiểu cách)
  • Ex: Our first built projects were very important because they made us realize how fussy we need to be with details in order to get good results.
  1. Illiterate: unable to read and write (không biết đọc, không biết viết)
  • Ex: As a teacher I deal with illiterate high school students who can barely write complete sentences.
  1. Indecisive: characterized by lack of decision and firmness (hay phân vân, lưỡng lự)
  • Ex: He tells Lloyd Grove why he’s thinking about taking on Obama and his indecisive foreign policy.
  1. Naïve: trusting, gullible (ngây thơ, chất phát)
  • Ex: As long as you remain naive about the workings of the stock market, you will find it difficult to make a living as a stockbroker.
  1. Possessive: Having or manifesting a desire to control or dominate another, especially in order to limit that person’s relationships with others. JEAOLUS, CONTROLLING (tính độc chiếm)
  • Ex: As soon as she’d been out with a guy a few times, he’d get possessive.
  1. Superstitious: showing ignorance of the laws of nature and faith in magic or chance(mê tín)
  • Ex: What are you doing because of some irrational superstitious belief that may have been affecting your life for years?
  1. Thrifty: showing care with how money and resources are spent or used (tính toán, tiết kiệm)
  • Ex: I’m cheap (or rather thrifty and money smart), but a lot of cultures don’t tip.
  1. Wasteful: tending to squander and waste (hoang phí, lãng phí)
  • Ex: North Americans are too wasteful , and too ready to turn a blind eye to it.
  1. Understanding: characterized by understanding based on comprehension and discernment and empathy (thấu hiểu)
  • Ex: People expect their doctor to be understanding.
  1. Unreliable: not reliable; untrustworthy (không đáng tin tưởng)
  • Ex: Since Ms. Watson proved she was unreliable to do her job, I would never call on her when I needed a substitute.
  1. Reliable: someone who can be trusted or depended on or predictable or dependable(đáng tin cậy)
  • Ex: Tom’s lawyer didn’t think that the jury would think that Mary was a reliable witness.
  1. Weak-willed: lacking strength of will. irresolute, soft, feeble, indecisive, infirm, spineless.(thiếu ý chí)
  • Ex: He’s a strong man, a strong leader because you don’t get to the top in business by being weak-willed.
  1. Retarded: relatively slow in mental or emotional or physical development (chậm phát triển)
  • Ex: He revealed to the press that his son was mentally retarded and asserted that he was incapable of committing such a crime.
  1. Imbecile: fool, idiot (ngu ngốc, khờ)
  • Ex: Because Carol’s husband is an imbecile, he is always doing stupid things like forgetting to feed their children.
  1. Amazed: filled with the emotional impact of overwhelming surprise or shock (kinh ngạc)
  • Ex: He was amazed at how modern everything was
  1. Anxious: worried about what may happen or have happened (lo âu, lo lắng)
  • Ex: I was anxious to do something with my son that was honest, that revealed both of us.
  1. Bad-tempered: annoyed and irritable (dễ nổi cáu, nóng tính)
  • Ex: When his headaches developed Nick became bad-tempered and even violent.
  1. Cheerful: having a happy disposition; in good spirits (vui tươi, vui vẻ)
  • Ex: He sees nothing beyond the pleasure of the moment, nothing troubles him and so he is always cheerful, satisfied, and serene.
  1. Contented: satisfied or showing satisfaction with things as they are (hài lòng với thực tại)
  • Ex: If my observation serves me right, old folks are generally happy and contented with the way they spend their free time
  1. Disillusioned: having lost one’s ideals, illusions, or false ideas about someone or something. Disenchanted, disappointed ( vỡ mộng, tỉnh ngộ)
  • Ex: People are very disillusioned and frustrated at the way the Government has carried on its business.
  1. Fed up: Unable or unwilling to put up with something any longer (buồn chán, chán ngấy)
  • Ex: I am fed up with reading how women should dress to please men.
  1. Heartbroken: Suffering from or exhibiting overwhelming sorrow, grief, or disappointment (đau lòng)
  • Ex: I think he was utterly heartbroken when Josh announced that her marriage had been arranged and she was moving to Canada.
  1. Humiliated: made to feel uncomfortable because of shame or wounded pride (nhục nhã, ê chề)
  • Ex: Parents are humiliated if their children behave badly when guests are present.
  1. Irritable: easily irritated or annoyed, abnormally sensitive to a stimulus (cáu kỉnh)
  • Ex: When I am in a bad mood I become sensitive and irritable .
  1. Miserable: very unhappy; full of misery, of very poor quality or condition. (khổ sở)
  • Ex: I want to be outside, but not with him there – and the thought of going to lunch by myself is so depressing that I’m miserable all over again.
  1. Nostalgic: unhappy about being away and longing for familiar things or persons (hoài niệm,
  • Ex: The steam locomotive evokes nostalgic memories of a bygone era with its glory and old age charm.
  1. Scared: made afraid (sợ sệt)
  • Ex: He probably scared the color right out of the condo.
  1. Skeptical: not convinced that something is true; doubtful (hay nghi ngờ, hoài nghi)
  • Ex: We live in a world that is rightly suspicious of offers that seem too good to be true; we are often skeptical and even cynical.
  1. Sentimental: given to or marked by sentiment or sentimentality (tình cảm)
  • Ex: Voters were told to consider among other items melody, lyrics, some historical reason, and even sentimental motives.
  1. Thrilled: feeling intense pleasurable excitement, pleased, excited, delighted, happy (hồi hộp, xúc động)
  • Ex: Jamie was thrilled when the teacher singled out his poem and asked him to read it out.
  1. Annoyed: aroused to impatience or anger (bất mãn, bực bội)
  • Ex: It is natural for the shopkeeper to feel annoyed when the hypermarket is set up close to his shop.
  1. Apprehensive: Anxious or fearful about the future; uneasy. (lo lắng về tương lai)
  • Ex: Approaching exam time children get apprehensive and nervous about learning and become worried about making a fool of themselves.
  1. Baffled: haven’t got a clue completely (bối rối, không hiểu )
  • Ex: While my friend said she completely understood the author’s painting, I was baffled by the dark images on the canvas.
  1. Complacent: leased or satisfied with oneself, extremely self-satisfied (vừa ý, thỏa mãn)
  • Ex: There are many actions that companies can take to give staff a sense of security without making them complacent.
  1. Edgy: nervous, irritable, tense, or anxious (bực mình, cáu kỉnh)
  • Ex: After lack of sleep, the edgy man worried that he would pass out during his important presentation.
  1. Furious: extremely angry or annoyed; raging (giận dữ)
  • Ex: With the recent swearing in of a highly unqualified the Secretary of Education, many furious protesters took to the streets.
  1. Homesick: longing for one’s family or home. (nhớ nhà)
  • Ex: For the first two terms there I was very homesick and if anyone said anything cross to me, I’d burst into tears.
  1. Light-headed: weak and likely to lose consciousness (dần mất ý thức)
  • Ex: The chloral hydrate had made her somewhat light-headed and slightly groggy; she had great difficulty focussing.
  1. Mixed-up: confused or unstable, puzzled ( nhiều vấn đề)
  • Ex: Put more baldly, he was recognizably mixed-up; and although that made him maddeningly undependable as a politician, it humanized him as a man.
  1. Paranoid: Exhibiting or characterized by extreme and irrational fear or distrust of others (hoang tưởng)
  • Ex: Around the time of his death, he was reported to be paranoid, dictatorial, obsessed with his celebrity and his physique.
  1. Petrified: To cause to become stiff or stone-like; deaden, stunned or paralyzed with terror; daze. (sợ đến chết đứng)
  • Ex: When we arrived in Athens I was petrified as the customs officer interrogated Tim for about 20 minutes.
  1. Resentful: full of or marked by resentment or indignant ill will (phẫn uất)
  • Ex: She soon became resentful of her entrapment within a working-class community where she never felt at home.
  1. Speechless: temporarily incapable of speaking, (cứng họng, không nói nên lời)
  • Ex: For once in his lifetime, it seemed as if my father, a man who always had to get the last word in, was completely and utterly speechless.
  1. Touchy: easily upset or irritated; oversensitive (nhạy cảm quá mức)
  • Ex:  These issues need to be handled sensitively; some people might be touchy about being probed in this way.

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