20 Chùm chủ đề – 500 Cụm từ Speaking Band 8+

Khi học Speaking, các em cần lưu ý đến các cụm từ nhé vì chúng sẽ giúp các em nói lưu loát hơn rất nhiều đó. Những từ vựng cực kì hữu ích trong phòng thi đã được cô tổng hợp lại hôm nay cho các em. List các từ vựng chuyên ghi điểm IELTS Speaking này được sắp xếp theo theo 20 chùm chủ đề với các cụm từ IELTS thông dụng và cả những cụm mang tính academic nữa nhé, hy vọng sẽ hỗ trợ được cho các em trong phòng thi.

Tổng hợp những từ vựng academic cho IELTS Speaking
  1. Accommodation
  2. Advertising
  3. Books and Films
  4. Business
  5. Education
  6. Environment
  7. Fashion
  8. Clothes
  9. Food
  10. Health
  11. Holiday
  12. Music
  13. Personality
  14. Physical Appearance
  15. Relationship
  16. Shopping
  17. Technology
  18. Town and City
  19. Weather
  20. Work


Accommodation (all the) mod cons: technology at home that makes jobs easier such as a washing machine, dishwasher etc.
apartment block: a large building made up of smaller units of apartments
back garden: a garden at the rear of the house
detached house: a house that is not physically connected to another property
dream home: a home you regard as perfect
first-time buyer: someone buying a property for the first time, especially when taking out a loan (mortgage)
fully-furnished: a rented property with all furniture included
hall of residence: a college or university building where students live
home comforts: things that make a home feel comfortable to live in
house-hunting: looking for a property to live in
house-warming party: a party to celebrate moving into a new home
ideal home: a perfect home
mobile home: a home that can be moved by a vehicle or one that has its own engine
permanent address: a fixed address
property market: the buying and selling of land or buildings
rented accommodation: property owned by someone else and for which a person pays a fixed amount to live in
single room: a room for one person
spacious room: a large room
student digs: student accommodation
terraced house: a house connected on both sides by other properties
the suburbs: a residential area on the edge of towns or cities
to do up a property: to repair an old building
to get on the property ladder: to buy a property with the aim of buying another bigger or more expensive one later in life
to live on campus: to live on the university or college grounds
to move into: to begin to live in a property
to own your own home: to have bought the property you live in
to pay rent in advance: weekly or monthly rent paid at the beginning of the week or month
to put down a deposit: to pay an amount of money as the first in a series of future payments
to take out a mortgage: to borrow a large amount of money, paid back over several years, in order to buy a house
Advertising commercial break: the short period during TV programmes when advertisements are shown
advertising agency: a company that creates adverts for other companies
advertising budget: the amount of money a company decides to spend on advertising
brand awareness: how well people know a particular brand
brand loyalty: the degree to which people continue to buy from the same brand or company
buy and sell: often used to refer to the buying and selling of items between individuals
call to action: something that encourages someone to take a particular action, such as making a purchase or clicking a link on a website
celebrity endorsement: to have a well-known person promote a product
classified ads: small advertisements often put in a newspaper or magazine by individuals
commercial channel: TV channels that make money from showing advertisements
junk mail: unwanted promotional leaflets and letters
mailing list: a list of names and contact details used by a company to send information and advertisements
mass media: large media outlets like TV, newspapers and magazines
niche product: a product that is aimed at a distinct group of people
press release: something written by a company for newspapers and magazines and websites to share and publish
prime time: the time during the viewing schedule when most people watch TV or listen to a broadcast
product placement: to advertise a product by using it as a prop in a TV show or film
sales page: a page specifically used to promote a product or service
social media: websites that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social networking.
spam email: unwanted, promotional email
target audience: the people a company want to sell their product or service to
to cold call: to call someone with the aim of selling something without them asking you to do so
to go viral: to quickly become extremely popular on the Internet through social media
to launch a product: to introduce a new product
to place an advert: to put an advert somewhere
to show adverts: to display adverts on TV
word of mouth: recommendations made by individuals to other individuals about a product of service
Books and Films a blockbuster: a film that is a big commercial success
a box-office hit: a financially successful film
a classic: of the highest quality
a historical novel: a story set in the past
a low budget film: a film made with a small amount of money
a page-turner: a book that you want to keep reading
an action movie: a film with fast-moving scenes, often containing violence
an e-book: a digital book
an e-reader: a device for reading e-books
bedtime reading: something to read in bed before you go to sleep
couldn’t put it down: wasn’t able to stop reading a book
hardback: a book with a rigid cover (see ‘paperback’ below)
on the big screen: at the cinema
paperback: a book with a flexible cover (see ‘hardback’ above)
plot: the main events in a film or book
sci-fi: science fiction
showings: performances of a film
soundtrack: the music that accompanies a film
special effects: the visuals or sounds that are added to a film which are difficult to produce naturally
the central character: the main person in a film or book
the setting: where the action takes place
to be a big reader: someone who reads a lot
to be based on: to use as a modal
to be engrossed in: to be completely focused on one thing
to be heavy-going: difficult to read
to catch the latest movie: to see a film that has just come out
to come highly recommended: to be praised by another person
to flick through: to look quickly through a book
to get a good/bad review: to receive positive or negative feedback
to go on general release: when a film can be seen by the general public
to read something from cover to cover: read a book from the first page to the last
to see a film: to see a film at the cinema (see ‘watch a film’ below)
to take out (a book from the library): to borrow a book from the library
to tell the story of: to outline the details of someone’s life or an event
to watch a film: to watch a film on TV (see ‘to see a film’ above)
Business cash flow: the money coming in and going out of a business
cut-throat competition: when one company lowers its prices, forcing other companies to do the same, sometimes to a point where business becomes unprofitable
lifestyle business: a business that is set up to bring in a sufficient income and no more
niche business: a business that serves a small, particular market
sales figures: a report of the income a company generates through sales of products or services
stiff competition: strong competition from other companies in the same area of work
to balance the books: to not spend more money than you are earning
to be self-employed: to work for yourself/do not work for an employer
to cold call: to make a sales call to someone without asking them for permission first
to do market research: to do research into what potential customers would or wouldn’t buy
to draw up a business plan: to write a plan for a new business
to drum up business: to try to get customers
to earn a living: to earn money
to go bust: when a business is forced to close because it is unsuccessful
to go into business with: to join another person to start or expand a business
to go it alone: to start your own business
to go under: (see ‘to go bust’)
to have a web presence: to have a website or social  media profile that showcases your business
to launch a product: to start selling and promoting a new product
to lay someone off: when a company ends an employee’s contract of employment
to make a profit: to earn more money than it costs to run the business
to raise a company profile: to make more people aware of a business
to run your own business: to have a business of your own
to set up a business: to start a business
to take on employees: to employ people
to take out a loan: to borrow money
to win a contract: when a business gets legally-binding work with an individual or company
to work for yourself: (see ‘to be self-employed’)
Education a graduation ceremony: an event where a successful student receives his or her academic degree
a mature student: a student who is older than average and who has usually returned to education after a period at work
a single-sex school: a school where only boys or girls attend (as opposed to a mixed-sex school)
an intensive course: a course that offers lots of training in order to reach a goal in as short a time as possible
bachelors degree: an undergraduate course which usually lasts 3-4 years
boarding school: a school where pupils live during term time
distance learning: a way of studying where tuition is carried out over the Internet or by post
face-to-face classes: as opposed to distance learning the traditional way of studying in a classroom with colleagues and a teacher
higher education: education, usually in a college or university, that is followed after high school or secondary school
masters degree: a period of study which often follows the completion of a bachelors degree or is undertaken by someone regarded as capable of a higher-level academic course
private language school: an independent school run as a business concern
public schools: exclusive independent schools in the UK
state school: a school paid for by public funds and available to the general public
subject specialist: a teacher who has a great deal of knowledge about the subject they teach
to attend classes: to go to classes
to fall behind with your studies: to progress less quickly than others
to give feedback: to offer guidance on a student’s work
to keep up with your studies: to not fall behind
to learn something by heart: to memorize it
to meet a deadline: to finish a job or task in the time allowed or agreed
to play truant: to stay away from classes without permission
to sit an exam: to take an exam
to take a year out: to spend a year working or travelling before starting university
to work your way through university: to have a paid job whilst studying to support yourself financially
tuition fees: the money paid for a course of study
Environment air quality: the cleanliness of the air we breathe
climate change: the change in worldwide weather patterns
endangered species: categories of animals or plants that are in danger of becoming extinct
energy conservation: the careful management of energy resources to ensure they last as long as possible
environmentally friendly: behaviour and products that do not harm the environment
exhaust fumes: the toxic gases given off by vehicles powered by petrol
flash floods: floods that happen quickly
fossil fuels: energy resources like gas and oil that are produced deep below the ground over millions of years
future generations: the people who live after us
global warming: the increasing temperature of the world brought about by gases such as carbon dioxide
heavy industry: the manufacture of heavy articles and materials in large numbers
humanitarian aid: the act of showing support to people struggling to survive
impact on: the effect on
loss of habitat: the decline in areas of land where animals and plants would normally exist
man-made disaster: widespread damage or loss of life brought about by the action of humans
natural disaster: an event such as an earthquake, flood or hurricane which causes widespread damage or loss of life
natural environment: the place where animals and plants would normally be found in nature
oil spill: waste usually deposited in the seas and oceans after an accident at sea
poaching: to hunt and kill wild animals illegally
pollution levels: the amount of toxic waste
pressure group: a group of people who try to raise awareness of issues and try to affect the views and actions of people and organisations
the natural world: the world of nature
to be under threat: to be in danger of becoming extinct
to become extinct: to no longer exist
to die out: see ‘to become extinct’
to get back to nature: to live a life that is closer to nature
toxic waste: poisonous, unwanted rubbish often produced by industrial processes
wildlife conservation: to protect animals and plants and their habitats
Fashion and Clothes a slave to fashion: someone who always feel the need to wear the latest fashions
casual clothes: not formal
classic style: a simple, traditional style that is always fashionable
designer label: a well-known company that makes (often expensive) clothing
dressed to kill: wearing clothes that attract admirers
fashion house: a company that sells (usually expensive) new styles in clothes
fashion icon: a person who is famous for their sense of fashion
fashion show: an event where models show off the latest in fashion designs
fashionable: in fashion
hand-me-downs: clothes that are passed down from older brothers or sisters to their younger siblings
must-have: something that is highly fashionable and therefore in demand
off the peg: clothing that is ready-made
old-fashioned: not in fashion any more
on the catwalk: the stage that models walk along to show off the latest fashions
smart clothes: the kind of clothes worn for a formal event
the height of fashion: very fashionable
timeless: something that doesn’t go out of fashion
to be on trend: to be very fashionable
to dress for the occasion: to wear clothes suitable for a particular event
to get dressed up: to put on nice clothes, often to go out somewhere special
to go out of fashion: to not be in fashion any more
to have a sense of style: the ability to wear clothes that look stylish
to have an eye for (fashion): to be a good judge of
to keep up with the latest fashion: to wear the latest fashions
to look good in: to wear something that suits you
to mix and match: to wear different styles or items of clothing that aren’t part of a set outfit
to suit someone: to look good on someone
to take pride in one’s appearance: to pay attention to how one looks
vintage clothes: clothes from an earlier period
well-dressed: to be dressed attractively
Food a fussy eater: somebody who has their own very high standards about what to eat
a quick snack: to eat a small amount of food between meals
a ready meal: see ‘processed food’
a slap-up meal: a large meal
a take away: a cooked meal prepared in a restaurant and eaten at home
me-cooked food: food cooked at home from individual ingredients
processed food: commercially prepared food bought for convenience
the main meal:  the most important meal of the day, usually eaten in the evening
to be dying of hunger: an exaggerated way of saying you are hungry
to be full up: to eat to the point that you can no longer eat any more
to be starving hungry: an exaggerated way of saying you are very hungry
to bolt something down: to eat something very quickly
to eat a balanced diet: to eat the correct types and amounts of food
to eat like a horse: to eat a lot
to follow a recipe: to cook a meal using instructions
to foot the bill: to pay the bill
to grab a bite to eat: to eat something quickly (when you’re in a rush)
to have a sweet tooth: to enjoy sugary food
to make your mouth water: to make you feel very hungry for something
to play with your food: to push food around the plate to avoid eating it
to spoil your appetite: to est something that will stop you feeling hungry when it’s meal-time.
to tuck into: to eat something with pleasure
to wine and dine: to entertain someone by treating them to food and drink
to work up an appetite: to do physical work that leads to you becoming hungry
Health a blocked nose: when the nose has excess fluid due to a cold
a check-up: a physical examination by a doctor
a chesty cough: a cough caused by congestion around the lungs
a heavy cold: a bad cold
a runny nose: a nose that has liquid coming out of it
a sore throat: inflammation that causes pain when swallowing
aches and pains: minor pains that continue over a period of time
as fit as a fiddle: to be very healthy
cuts and bruises: minor injuries
GP: General Practitioner (family doctor)
prescription charges: money the patient pays for medicine authorised by a doctor
to be a bit off colour: to feel a little ill
to be at death’s door: (informal) to be very ill indeed
to be on the mend: to be recovering after an illness
to be over the worst: to have got through the most serious or uncomfortable stage of an illness
to be under the weather: (informal) to not feel well
to catch a cold: to get a cold
to feel poorly: to feel ill
to go down with a cold: to become ill
to go private: to choose to be treated by commercial healthcare rather than by services offered by the state
to have a filling: to have a tooth repaired
to have a tooth out: to have a tooth removed
to make a speedy recovery: to recover quickly from an illness
to make an appointment: to arrange a time to see the doctor
to phone in sick: to call work to explain you won’t be attending work due to illness
to pull a muscle: to strain a muscle
Holiday all-in package/package holiday: a holiday where you purchase the travel and accommodation together
all-in package/package holiday: a holiday where you purchase the travel and accommodation together
breathtaking view: an extremely beautiful view
charter-flight: a cheaper form of flying than a scheduled flight
check-in desk: the place at the airport where you register for your flight and deposit your luggage
departure lounge: where you wait for your flight to be called
far-off destination: somewhere a long way away
guided tour: an organized group shown around a place of interest by an expert
holiday brochure: a glossy publication with details of holiday packages
holiday destination: where you go for a holiday
holiday of a lifetime: a special holiday that you are unlikely to repeat
holiday resort: a place where lots of people go for a holiday
hordes of tourists: crowds of tourists
long weekend: an extended weekend holiday including Friday or Monday
out of season: outside of the main holiday period
passport control: the place where your passport is checked
picturesque village: very pretty village
places of interest: sites of interest to tourists
self-catering: a holiday where you supply your own food
short break: a short holiday
stunning landscape: extremely beautiful countryside
to get away from it all: to take a holiday to escape a busy or stressful lifestyle
to go sightseeing:  to look around the tourist sites
tourist trap: somewhere where too many tourists go
travel agent: a shop that specialises in booking holidays
wildlife safari: a holiday, often in Africa, to observe wild animals
youth hostel: a cheap form of accommodation
Music a catchy tune: a song that is easy to remember and makes you want to sing it
a huge following: a large number of fans
a massive hit: a record that sells lots of copies
a music festival: music performances at a venue often over several days
a piece of music: an item of music
a pop group: a small group of people who play or sing pop music together
a rock band: a group of musicians that play rock music
a sing-song: to sing informally, often with other people
a slow number: a song with a slow tempo
adoring fans: people who love a particular band or singer
background music: music that is played while something else is happening
classical music: music that is regarded as part of a long, formal tradition
live music: music that is listened to while it is performed (not recorded)
live performance: (see live music)
musical talent: skilled at music
taste in music: the music someone likes
to be tone deaf: to be unable to distinguish the different notes in music
to be/sing out of tune: to not be in harmony/to sing the wrong notes
to download tracks: to obtain music from the Internet
to go on tour: to go on a planned series of performances around a region or country
to have a great voice: to sing well
to play by ear: to play without reading the musical notes
to read music: to understand and follow written musical notes
to sing along to: to join in singing
to take up a musical instrument: to begin learning a musical instrument
Personality broad-minded: prepared to accept other views or behaviours
easy-going: relaxed and not easily worried about anything
extrovert: an energetic person who likes the company of others
fair-minded: to treat people equally
fun-loving: to enjoy having fun
good company: enjoyable to socialise with
good sense of humour: the ability to understand what is funny
introvert: someone who is shy
laid-back: see ‘easy-going’
narrow minded: opposite of ‘broad-minded’ (see above)
painfully shy: very shy
quick-tempered: to become angry quickly
reserved: shy
self-assured: confident
self-centred: thinks only of oneself
self-confident: believes in one’s own ability or knowledge
self-effacing: to not try to get the attention of others (especially in terms of hiding one’s skills or abilities)
thick-skinned:  not easily affected by criticism
to be the life and soul of the party: a fun person, someone who is the centre of activity
to bend over backwards: to try very hard to help someone
to hide one’s light under a bushel: to hide one’s talents and skills
to lose one’s temper: to suddenly become angry
to put others first: to think of others before yourself
to take after: to be like (often another member of the family)
trustworthy: can be trusted
two-faced: not honest or sincere. Will say one thing to someone to their face and another when they are not present.
Physical Appearance complexion: natural skin colour and texture
cropped hair: very short hair
disheveled hair: untidy hair
fair hair: light-coloured hair
in his/her 30s/40s: to be 20/30 something
make up: cosmetics
medium height: average height
middle-aged: approximately between 45-65
pointed face: the opposite of a round face
scruffy: dressed untidily
shoulder-length hair: hair that comes down to the shoulders and no further
slender figure: a figure that is tall and slim
slim figure: attractively thin
thick hair: a lot of hair
to be fair-skinned: light skinned
to be getting on a bit: to be getting old
to be good looking: to be attractive
to be hard of hearing: to find it difficult to hear
to be overweight: to weigh more than is regarded as healthy
to be well-built: to be muscular
to be well-turned out: to look smart
to bear a striking resemblance: to look very similar to
to dress up to the nines: to dress very smartly or glamorously
to get done up: to dress smartly
to go grey: to have hair that is turning grey
to grow old gracefully: to act in a way that embraces the fact you are getting older
to look young for your age: to look younger than you are
to lose one’s figure: to have a figure that has lost its toned shape
to never have a hair out of place: perfectly styled hair
to wear glasses: to use spectacles
youthful appearance: to look young
Relationship a healthy relationship: a good, positive relationship
love at first sight: to fall in love immediately you meet someone
to be in a relationship: to be romantically involved with someone
to be just good friends: to not be romantically involved
to be well matched: to be similar to
to break up: to end a romantic relationship
to drift apart: to become less close to someone
to enjoy someone’s company: to like spending time with someone
to fall for: to fall in love
to fall head over heels in love: to start to love someone a lot
to fall out with: to have a disagreement and stop being friends
to get on like a house on fire: to like someone’s company very much indeed
to get on well with: to understand someone and enjoy similar interests
to get to know: to begin to know someone
to go back years: to have known someone for a long time
to have a lot in common: to share similar interests
to have ups and downs: to have good and bad time
to hit it off: to quickly become good friends with
to keep in touch with: to keep in contact with
to lose touch with: to not see or hear from someone any longer
to pop the question: to ask someone to marry you
to see eye to eye: to agree on a subject
to settle down: to give up the single life and start a family
to strike up a relationship:  to begin a friendship
to tie the knot: to get married
to work at a relationship: to try to maintain a positive relationship with someone
Shopping a pay in cash: to pay for something using coins or paper money
advertising campaign: a series of advertisements to persuade people to buy something
big brand names: large well-known companies or product names
carrier bag: bags (usually plastic) supplied by shops
customer service: the degree to which customers are treated well
high street names: well-known shops
independent stores: small shops independent of large companies
local shops: community shops
loyalty card: a card issued by a shop to allow customers to save money on the basis of what they spend
must-have product: a product that is very popular that a lot of people want to have
shop assistant: the person who serves customers
summer sales: a period in the year when things are sold cheaply
to be careful with money: to not over-spend
to be on a tight budget: to have a limited amount of money to spend
to be on commission: to pay someone in relation to the amount they sell
to be value for money: to be worth the cost
to get into debt: to owe money
to give someone the hard sell: to put pressure on someone to buy something
to pay the full price: to pay the full amount for something
to pick up a bargain: to buy something much cheaper than the normal price
to run up a credit card bill: to owe money on a credit card
to shop around: to try different shops to find the best deal
to shop until you drop: to do a lot of shopping
to slash prices: to reduce prices a great deal
to snap up a bargain: to buy something quickly that is being sold cheaply
to try something on: to see if an item of clothing fits or is suitable
window shopping: to visit a store to look at items without the intention of buying anything
Technology a computer buff: an expert computer user
a desktop PC: a computer that isn’t portable and remains in situ on a desk
a gadget: a technological tool like a mobile phone or camera
a techie: somebody who has an interest in technology
digital editing: to edit digital materials like audio or video files
download (podcasts): to save a copy of a file from the internet to your own device
high-spec (laptop): powerful computer with top quality components
Internet security: Internet safety
intranet: a network of connected computers within an organisation that is not accessible by unauthorised visitors
operating system: the software that tells the computer how to work
send an attachment: send an email with an accompanying file
social media: media used to interact with other people such as Facebook or Twitter
to access websites/email: to locate
to back up files: to make a copy of files in case of a computer problem
to bookmark a webpage: to mark a webpage for future reference
to boot up: to start a computer
to browse websites: to look at websites
to crash: to suddenly stop working
to cut and paste: to move text or images from one place in a document to another place
to enter a web address: to type the address of a website into the address bar of your browser
to go online: to start using the Internet
to navigate a website: to find your way around a website
to surf the web: to look at a series of websites one after the other
to upgrade: to obtain a more powerful or feature-rich computer or piece of software
video conferencing: to see and hear people from different locations using the Internet
wifi hotspot: a public place where you can access the Internet
wireless network: a network where users can access the Internet without the use of fixed cables
word processing; producing written texts on a computer
Town and City boarded up shops: shops that are no longer doing business
chain stores: well-known brands with shops in multiple cities
fashionable boutiques: fashionable clothes shops
high-rise flats: multi-story apartments
in the suburbs: the outer area of large towns and cities where people live
inner-city: the central part of a city where people live and where conditions are often poor
lively bars/restaurants: bars or restaurants with a good atmosphere
local facilities: local buildings or services serving the public
multi-story car parks: car parks on several floors
office block: a large building that contains offices
on the outskirts: on the parts of town or city that are furthest from the centre
out of town shopping centre/retail park: large shopping centres outside of the town or city
pavement cafe: cafes with tables outside on the pavement
places of interest: buildings that have a particular interest for visitors
poor housing: housing that is not in good condition
public spaces: areas in a town or city that are open to the public
public transport system:  public vehicles such as buses and trains that operate at regular times on fixed routes
residential area: an area where people live
run down: old and of a poor standard
shopping centre: an area consisting of multiple shops
shopping malls: large indoor shopping centres
sprawling city: a city that has grown over time and which covers a wide area
to close down: to stop doing business
to get around: to travel around
tourist attraction: a place of interest to tourists
traffic congestion: heavy traffic making it difficult to move around a town or city
upmarket shops: expensive fashionable shops
Weather a blanket of snow: a complete covering of snow
a change in the weather: when weather conditions change
a cold spell: a short period of cold weather
a drop of rain: a little bit of rain
a flash flood: a sudden and severe flood
a heatwave: a period of very hot weather
bitterly cold: very cold and unpleasant
boiling hot: very hot (informal)
changeable: weather that often changes
clear blue skies: a sky without clouds
freezing cold: very cold (informal)
heatstroke: a serious condition caused by being too long in hot weather
heavy rain: intense rainfall
long-range forecast: the weather forecast for several days or weeks ahead
mild climate: a climate without extreme weather conditions
mild winter: a winter that isn’t particularly cold
not a cloud in the sky: see ‘clear blue skies’ above
sunny spells: short periods of sunny weather
thick fog: a dense fog that makes visibility very poor
to be below freezing: below zero degrees Celsius
to be rained off: to be cancelled or postponed due to poor weather
to clear up: when clouds or rain disappear
to come out (the sun): when the sun appears out of a cloudy sky
to dress up warm: to wear warm clothes to protect yourself against wintry conditions
to get caught in the rain: to be outside when it rains unexpectedly
to get drenched: to get very wet
to pour down: to rain heavily
torrential rain: see ‘heavy rain’ above
tropical storm: a storm typical of ones that you find in tropical climates
weather forecast: a TV/radio programme or section in a newspaper/magazine which predicts weather conditions
Work a dead-end job: a job with no promotional opportunities
a good team player: somebody who can work well with other people
a heavy workload: to have a lot of work to do
a high-powered job: an important or powerful job
a nine-to-five job: a normal job that consists of an 8 hour day (approximately)
full-time: the number of hours that people usually work in a complete week
holiday entitlement: the number of days holiday allowed
job satisfaction: the feeling of enjoying a job
manual work: work that requires physical activity
maternity leave: time off work given to a woman about to have a baby
one of the perks of the job: an extra benefit you get from a job
part-time: working less than full-time
sick leave: time allowed off work when sick
temporary work: work done for a limited time only
to be called for an interview: to be invited to attend an interview
to be self-employed: see ‘to be your own boss’
to be stuck behind a desk: to be unhappy in an office job
to be well paid: to earn a good salary
to be your own boss: to have your own business
to be/get stuck in a rut: to be in a boring job that is hard to leave
to do a job-share: to share the weekly hours of work with another person
to meet a deadline: to finish a job by an agreed time
to run your own business: see ‘to be your own boss’
to take early retirement: to retire early (retire: to reach an age when you are allowed to stop working for a living)
to work with your hands: to do manual work
voluntary work: to work without pay
working conditions: the hours, salary and other entitlements that comes with the job

Đây là bảng tổng hợp giúp các bạn Speaking “pro” hơn với các cụm từ IELTS đó, thế nên đừng ngạc nhiên khi chẳng mấy chốc band điểm cứ tăng “vù vù” trong tích tắc nha. Linh hi vọng các bạn luôn học thật chăm chỉ và đạt được kết quả như mong muốn nhé!

Trần Tố Linh.