Hôm nay cô sẽ giới thiệu sơ về Phần 2 bài thi IELTS speaking. Trong phần này thí sinh được yêu cầu thuyết trình trong vòng 1 đến 2 phút về một vài chủ đề lấy trong ngữ cảnh xã hội hằng ngày. Thí sinh sẽ phải dựa vào các câu gợi ý trong phiếu đề thi được phát để xây dựng bài nói của mình. Thí sinh có khoảng một phút để chuẩn bị trên giấy nháp được phát, sau đó trình bày phần bài của mình trong vòng 1 đến 2 phút. Nói tóm lại, thời gian dành cho phần thi Speaking IELTS part 2 sẽ vào khoảng 3 đến 4 phút. Vì thế các bạn cần có các ideas và tips để chuẩn bị thật tốt cho phần này các bạn nhé. Và sau đây lại thêm một bài tổng hợp tài liệu chất lượng của thầy Simon. Lần này sẽ là các advice, tips dành cho bài thi Speaking một cách cụ thể kèm theo đó là một số đề và đáp án mẫu cho IELTS Speaking Part 2. Còn chần chừ gì nữa mà không bắt tay ngay vào đọc và thực hành nhé các bạn.
Tips cho IELTS Speaking
1. IELTS Speaking Part 2 Tips
Before the exam, prepare ideas for the six main topics:
1. Describe an object (a gift, something you use etc.)
2. Describe a person (someone you admire, a family member etc.)
3. Describe an event (a festival, celebration etc.)
4. Describe an activity (e.g. a hobby)
5. Describe a place (somewhere you visited, a holiday etc.)
6. Describe your favourite (book/film/advertisement/website)
Focus on vocabulary, not grammar or linking. In the exam, try to note down as many ideas as you can during the 1-minute preparation time – hopefully you’ll be able to use ideas that you have already prepared. You don’t have to cover all of the points on the task card, but it helps you to structure your answer if you do. Say as much as you can for each point, and use a real example or story at the end of your description if you need to fill time. Keep going until the examiner stops you.
2. IELTS Speaking: the importance of part 2
Students often ask me what will happen if they do badly in part 2 of the speaking test. Is it still possible to get a high score?
Yes, in theory, it is still possible to get a reasonably high score (maybe band 7) if you do badly in part 2, but you would need to give excellent answers in part 3. In practice, candidates rarely recover from a bad part 2; I don’t remember anyone who made a mess of part 2 but suddenly did a fantastic part 3.
My advice: You should consider part 2 as the core of your speaking test. It’s your best chance to show how good your English is, and it’s the examiner’s best chance to listen carefully to your use of language. In fact, it’s probably the point at which most examiners get a clear idea of what score to give you.
3. IELTS Speaking: is accent important?
People often ask whether their accent will affect their IELTS score. The simple answer is no. Your score for pronunciation depends on how clearly you speak and how intelligible (easy to understand) you are.
So if accent is not important, what are the factors that affect pronunciation? I really like the explanation on this page from the Warwick University website. They look at 5 key elements of pronunciation:
There are some great tips about improving your pronunciation near the bottom of the page, but my favourites are: work on your mistakes, copy good models of speech, record yourself, slow down, and try to sound interesting / interested!
4. IELTS Speaking Part 2: Memorise and Adapt
Memorising can be a good strategy for speaking part 2 because the same topics are often repeated.
But memorising can be a risky strategy unless you are able to adapt your answers to the specific question. For example, if you prepared a description of a holiday, would you be able to adapt it for the question about a positive experience you had as a teenager?
The smart way to study for part 2 is to prepare a few key topics, then spend lots of time practising ways to adapt what you prepared to other questions.
5. IELTS Speaking: a tip for each part
Here are 3 techniques to help you give longer, more detailed answers:
1. Keep asking yourself “why?”
2. Explain the alternatives
3. Give an example
Here are three tips, one for each part of the speaking test.
Part 1: stop and smile
For part 1 of the speaking test, you need to get used to giving short answers. Many students find it difficult to stop speaking, and the examiner is forced to interrupt. My tip is to give your answer then stop and smile, showing the examiner that you are ready for the next question.
Part 2: tell a story
In the context of speaking part 2, a story is simply a long example to illustrate a point that you have made. If you’re describing a person, for example, you could tell a story to illustrate why you like him/her. People find it easy to keep speaking for longer when they have a story to tell.
Part 3: include an ‘if…’ sentence
Look at technique number 2 (Explain the alternatives). The ‘alternatives’ technique helps you to say more, and it also encourages you to add a conditional ‘if…’ sentence, which might help your grammar score.
6. IELTS Speaking: informal expressions
Yesterday I wrote about ‘an event’ for IELTS Speaking Part 2. Some of the expressions I used were informal:
• we chatted (talked)
• to get together with (meet)
• to catch up with (talk to someone you haven’t seen for a while)
• what my friends had been up to (had been doing)
• to wind down (relax after something tiring)
The examiner would consider these phrases to be “less common vocabulary”. In other words, a few phrasal verbs or informal expressions can help you to get a high score in IELTS Speaking.
7. IELTS Speaking Part 2: Describe a person
Here are some possible questions in this topic area:
- Describe a teacher
- Describe a famous person Describe a friend
- Describe a family member Describe a child
- Describe someone who helps people
- Describe someone who does something well
I then suggest that we choose an easy ‘theme’ e.g. a hard-working and friendly person. We can prepare lots of good vocabulary for this theme, and hopefully use it to describe any of the people in the list above.
8. IELTS Speaking Part 2: describe an activity
Today I’m working on a video lesson about the “describe an activity” topic. You might be asked to describe a hobby, sport or game, so it’s a good idea to be ready for this topic.
My approach is to prepare ideas for one sport (e.g. swimming) and one game (e.g. chess). I start with a simple idea, such as “swimming is healthy”. Then I search for good words and phrases related to this theme. For example:
“Swimming is healthy” theme:
- keep fit
- get in better shape
- a good cardiovascular workout
- feel refreshed, rejuvenated, invigorated gives me an energy boost
9. IELTS Speaking Part 2: describe a place
One of my suggestions in the lesson is that you prepare some vocabulary ‘themes’.
For example, here are some ideas for a description of an interesting city:
- lively, bustling, hectic, thriving cosmopolitan, multicultural
- fascinating, unique
- a special atmosphere
- sightseeing, entertainment an unforgettable experience enjoyed every minute
- the time flew by
- endless things to see and do it was over too quickly
10. IELTS Speaking Part 2: describe a festival
A common topic for the short presentation (IELTS Speaking Part 2) is “describe an important festival in your country”.
My advice is to look for a description of your festival on Wikipedia. Copy the best parts of the description and make small changes if necessary. As an example, I’ve copied a short description of Christmas from Wikipedia.
11. Describe a festival: Christmas
Christmas is an annual holiday that, in Christianity, commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ.
Popular customs of the holiday include gift-giving, music, an exchange of greeting cards, church celebrations, a special meal, and the display of various decorations; including Christmas trees, lights, nativity scenes, and holly. In addition, Father Christmas (known as Santa Claus in some areas) is a popular figure in many countries, associated with the bringing of gifts for children.
Over the Christmas period, people decorate their homes and exchange gifts. In some countries, children perform plays re-telling the events of the Nativity, or sing carols that reference the event. Christmas, along with Easter, is the period of highest annual church attendance.
A special Christmas family meal is an important part of the celebration for many, and what is served varies greatly from country to country. In England and countries influenced by its traditions, a standard Christmas meal includes turkey, potatoes, vegetables, sausages and gravy, followed by Christmas pudding, mince pies and fruit cake.
12. IELTS Speaking Part 2: describe a person
Describe a person you admire. You should say:
- who the person is
- what he or she is like
- and why you admire him or her.
Here are some ideas. I’ve underlined the best vocabulary.
- I’m going to talk about my father because he has been a major influence in my life.
- My father was always a good role model for me as I was growing up. He’s hardworking, patient and understanding; he’s also got a goodsense of humour and seems to get on well with everybody. Hopefully I’ve inherited some of these traits.
- I admire my father because I think he brought me and my brothers/sisters up well; he was quite strict but always fair, and he has always been someone I can turn to for advice. I think my father set a good example by working hard and having a positive outlook on life. I remember that he used to leave for work early and come home quite late, but he always made time for me and my brothers/sisters.
13. IELTS Speaking Part 2: describe an event
Describe a recent event that made you happy. You should say:
- when and where it was
- who was involved
- what happened
- and explain why it made you happy.
The following description contains the kind of phrases that native speakers (like me) really use. I’ve underlined the best vocabulary.
1. When and where: my friend’s birthday party, last Saturday evening, we went for a meal in an Italian restaurant.
2. Who: there were about 10 of us, he invited some close friends and work colleagues, most of them were people I’ve known sinceuniversity.
3. What happened: we met at the restaurant, I gave my friend a present and a birthday card, we ordered some food, while we ate dinnereveryone chatted, after the main course the waiter brought out a cake and we sang ‘Happy Birthday’, everyone went home quite late.
4. Why it made me happy: it was great to get together with old friends, I had some interesting conversations, it was a good opportunity to catch up with what my friends had been up to, it was a nice way to wind down after a hard week at work, the food was delicious, I went homefeeling full after a fantastic meal.
14. IELTS Speaking Part 2: describe a place
In part 2 of the speaking test, you might have to describe a place. There are several possible questions about places. For example:
- Describe a place you have visited.
- Describe a historic place.
- Describe a holiday.
- Describe a place you would like to visit.
- Describe somewhere you have lived or would like to live.
My advice is to prepare a description of one place that you could use to answer all of these questions. Then search the Internet for some good vocabulary.
For example, here are some ideas I found to describe London:
- Adjectives: it’s exciting, busy, hectic, cosmopolitan, multicultural, unique. It’s historic but modern at the same time, it’s a thriving, prosperous city, it’s fashionable, lively, fun…
- Activities: London is famous for its history, culture, art, museums. Tourists go there to see Big Ben, The Tower of London, Buckingham Palace, Trafalgar Square etc. You can get a fantastic view of the city from the ‘London Eye’. It’s also famous for its theatres and shows in the West End, its shops, restaurants and nightlife. There are endless things to see and do.
- Negatives: London is expensive, crowded, stressful, polluted. The underground system is dirty, travel is overpriced and unpleasant. The cost of living is high (shopping, house prices etc.), the locals are always in a hurry and can be unfriendly, there are social problems (like you can find in most big cities).
15. IELTS Speaking Part 2: preparing vocabulary
My main tip for speaking part 2 is to prepare good vocabulary for common topics.
On the task card, the last bullet point always asks you to explain why. This is the best part of the question in terms of vocabulary preparation. Let’s take the “describe a family” question as an example:
Describe a family (not your own family) that you like. You should say
- how you know this family
- who the people in the family are
- what the members of the family are like
- and explain WHY you like this family.
Here are some ideas for the “why” part of this task: friendly, kind, caring, big-hearted, supportive, always there when you need them good role models, they set a good example
welcoming, great hosts, their door is always open
16. IELTS Speaking: complex structures
Students often worry that they need to use “complex structures” in the speaking test. But what is a complex structure?
This website explains the difference between simple sentences, compound sentences and complex sentences. You’ll notice that compound and complex sentences are much easier than they sound! I’m sure you use them all the time without realising it.
Here’s my advice: stop worrying about the need for “complex” grammar. Instead, focus on expressing your ideas well. As you explain your ideas in detail, you will naturally produce longer sentences which contain a variety of grammatical features.
17. IELTS Speaking Part 2: sample answer
Here’s the question we’ve been looking at in recent weeks:
Describe a subject that you think should be removed from school education programmes. You should say
- what the subject is
- why you think it is unnecessary for children to study it
- and explain what you would replace it with.
Here’s my sample answer with band 7-9 vocabulary underlined: I’m going to suggest that art could be taken out of the school curriculum. In my experience, art lessons at school tend to include drawing, painting, and the making of collages using paper, fabric and other household materials.
There are a few reasons why I think that school art lessons are unnecessary.
Firstly, I don’t believe that drawing and painting are essential skills that children will need when they leave school. Children might find these activities enjoyable, but it’s unlikely that they will need them in the working world. Secondly, children can draw, paint and make collages in their own time at home; parents can encourage this, and they can even join in. Finally, remembering my own art lessons at school, I don’t think we learnt any real art skills; the teachers left us to draw or create things, but they didn’t provide much technical instruction.
Instead of art lessons, children could do more work on core subjectslike maths, science or language. These subjects are more likely to help children in later life when they enter the job market, and I think both children and their teachers would benefit if more time were devoted to them.
18. IELTS Speaking Part 2: describe a foreign person
Describe a foreign person that you like. You should say:
- where you met him/her
- why you like him/her
- and explain what you learnt from him/her Some advice:
1. The easy choice would be to describe an English teacher. You could then talk about your lessons and easily explain what you learnt.
2. I think it would be acceptable to describe someone you have never met. Just say “I’ve never met the person I’m going to describe, but I hope to meet him/her one day”.
3. If you do number 2 above, choose your hero. It’s best to choose someone you know a lot about. Give as much real information as possible. Do some Google research to get ideas.
19. IELTS Speaking Part 2: describe a conversation
Describe an interesting conversation you had with someone you didn’t know. You should say
- who the person was
- where the conversation took place
- what you talked about
- and explain why you found the conversation interesting.
Here’s my sample (band 9) answer:
I’m going to talk about an interesting conversation that I had a couple of weeks ago in a music shop. I was walking along one of the main shopping streets in the city centre, when a large window displaying all sorts of musical instruments caught my eye. Out of curiosity, I decided to go in and have a look around.
The person I ended up speaking to was a shop assistant on the second floor, in the area of the shop dedicated to acoustic guitars. I hadn’t intended to speak to anyone, but the assistant approached me in a friendly way and asked whether I had any questions.
I explained to the assistant that I hadn’t played the guitar for years, but that I wondered what the differences were between the various acoustic guitars on show. He talked to me about the different makes and models, whether they were factory or hand made, the woods and varnishes used, the variation in sound quality, and of course the price range.
I found the conversation fascinating because the shop assistant was so knowledgeable. It was obvious that he had a passion for the guitar, and he didn’t mind talking to me even though I had made it clear that I didn’t intend to buy anything. He even picked up and played three or four of the instruments to demonstrate the differences in their sound.
20. IELTS Speaking Part 2: ‘difficult’ questions
Last week I wrote about ‘using what you know’. Here are some more quick examples of how you can make a ‘difficult’ question much easier:
1) Describe something that you collect.
Most students panic because they don’t collect anything. But this question is easier than you think. If your hobby is listening to music or reading books, just tell the examiner that you collect CDs or novels. You could talk about your “collection” of clothes or shoes. Everyone has a collection of something, even if you don’t call yourself
2) Describe an important decision that you made.
Easy. Just talk about the subject you chose to study or the career you decided to pursue. If you moved to live/study in a different country, you could talk about that.
3) Describe an important letter you received.
Use the answer you gave for number 2 (with a few small changes). Talk about the letter you received confirming your place on a university course, or confirming a successful job application.
21. IELTS Speaking Part 2: describe a skill
Describe a practical skill that you have learnt (e.g. cooking, driving). You should say
- what the skill is
- how you learnt it
- why you learnt it
- and how this skill has helped you.
Advice: You need to make a quick decision, so I’d choose one of the given examples (cooking or driving). Then try to expand on each point.
1. I’m going to talk about driving, which is a practical skill that I use almost every day.
2. I learnt to drive a car by taking lessons when I was 17. My parents paid for me to have lessons with a professional driving instructor. I learnt by practising: first I had to get used to steering, changing gears and using the mirrors, then we practised things like reversing and parking. I also had to learn the highway code.
3. As a 17-year-old, I wanted to have the experience of driving a car, and I was fed up with having to walk or take the bus or train whenever I wanted to go somewhere. I also knew that driving would be an extremely useful skill.
4. Being able to drive has helped me in so many ways. The public transport where I live isn’t very good, so I travel to work by car most days. Having a car makes my life much easier when it comes to things like shopping or visiting family and friends. (Last week, for example,…)
- If you need to keep speaking, give examples for point 4.
- 22. IELTS Speaking Part 2: something naughty you did
- This has been a recent question in part 2 of IELTS speaking:
Describe something naughty you did when you were a child. Say
- what you did
- when you did it
- why you did it
- and explain how your parents felt about it.
This is a difficult topic for most people, so it’s a good idea to prepare for it before your test. If you can remember a real situation, use that. If you can’t remember being naughty, invent an easy story like my example below.
1. I cheated in a test at primary school by looking at the answers in my book under the table.
2. I was about … years old, it was a … lesson. Give some more background about the lesson, the test, the teacher etc.
3. I hadn’t studied for the test, I didn’t want to fail and have to retake the test at lunchtime. Give reasons why you didn’t have time to study.
4. The teacher caught me and told my parents. Explain their feelings: disappointed, angry, embarrassed. Explain the punishment e.g. they ‘grounded’ me for a week (informal expression, meaning ‘they didn’t allow me to go out or see friends’).
23. Students’ Questions: describe a newspaper
A few people have asked me for advice about this IELTS speaking question:
Describe a newspaper or magazine that you like to read.
Here are some quick tips:
If you read a particular newspaper every day, choose that. Explain why you like that newspaper more than others. Say what type of stories you usually read (politics, education, science, sport etc.) and give an example of a recent article that you read. Explain why it’s important for you to read the paper e.g. to keep up-to-date with world events, or because you find it interesting or mentally stimulating.
If you don’t read a newspaper, tell the examiner that you read a magazine (even if you don’t). Choose/invent a magazine about one of your hobbies or interests. This allows you to talk about something you know about. It might be a good idea to have a look at the magazines in your local shop; choose one that interests you, buy it, and use it to prepare some ideas.
24. IELTS Speaking Part 2: describe a building
Describe a modern building. You should say:
- where it is
- what it is used for
- and why you like/dislike it.
Here’s my example description of a building in Manchester:
1. I’m going to describe a modern building in Manchester. It’s called the Beetham Tower, and it’s the tallest building in the city, with about 50 floors.
2. Although it’s called the Beetham Tower, most people know this building as the Hilton Hotel. In fact, the bottom half of the tower is the hotel and the top half is apartments. The apartments are expensive because the location and views make them very desirable.
3. I’m not sure if I like the design of the building, it’s just a huge glass tower, but it definitely stands out. It has become a famous landmark in the city. You can see it as you approach Manchester, and it’s an easy place to meet people because it’s so distinctive and easy to find. The most interesting thing about the Beetham Tower is that there is a bar/restaurant on the 23rd floor which has spectacular views of the city; it’s definitely the best vantage point in Manchester because there are no walls, only huge windows, so you can look out over the city in any direction. I’d recommend anyone who visits Manchester to go there and experience the view.
These are some of the best words and phrases that I used. Look them up in a dictionary if you’re not sure what they mean:
- desirable location
- it stands out
- a famous landmark
- it’s distinctive
- spectacular views
- the best vantage point
25. IELTS Speaking Part 2: describe a lesson
Speak for 2 minutes about the following topic.
Describe an interesting lesson that you attended.
You should say
- where you attended this lesson
- what it was about
- and why you found it interesting
Here are some ideas for a description of a science lesson:
1. I’m going to talk about an interesting science lesson that I attended at secondary school when I was 14 or 15 years old.
2. It was quite a long time ago, so I can’t remember every detail, but the lesson was about respiration. We learnt about how the lungs work, how we breathe, and how oxygen passes into the blood. The science teacher also talked to us about the effects of smoking on the lungs.
3. I found this lesson interesting because my science teacher, Dr. Smith, always introduced new topics by showing us a video. We watched a short film about how respiration works, and I found this much easier to understand than a science textbook. The film showed diagrams of the lungs to explain the breathing
Các đề thi dự đoán IELTS Speaking part 2 trong năm 2017 trên đây hy vọng sẽ hỗ trợ cho các bạn trong quá trình rèn luyện kỹ năng Nói của bản thân. Bài thi dù chỉ diễn ra trong khoảng thời gian rất ngắn nhưng lại cần một sự chuẩn bị khá dài, vậy nên đừng để xảy ra bất kì sai sót đáng tiếc nào khiến band score “hao hụt” nhé.
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