Đối với writing task 1 trong IELTS, cô nghĩ rất nhiều còn khá lúng túng với câu từ và cách diễn đạt nội dung cho chính xác và hợp lý nhất. Vì vậy, cô giới thiệu cho các em Trọn bộ các diễn đạt, từ vựng và phrases cho Writing task 1.
Chúc các em học tốt với tài liệu bổ ích này nhé!
From the …. it is clear that …
As can be seen from the … that …
As is shown by the … that …
As is illustrated by the … that …
The … below shows/indicates/illustrates/reveals/represents the number/data of …
|In 1980/the 21st century/ the first three months of the year,…||During the first three months…||From 1980 to 1990, from 1950 until 1960,…||Between 1980 and 1990|
|Before 1960, the number remains the same, but after 1960, it soared to the highest point of …||In the period from… to …||In the period between …and…||Over the period …to|
|Over the next years/ decades/ quarter of a century||Over a ten year period||Throughout the 19th century||Around / about l960,..|
|By the early/late 20th century||At the end of the last century||Since the 19th century||…from that time on…|
3. Quantities and measurements
|With countable nouns||With uncountable nouns|
|The amount of
The quantity of
The number of (plural nouns)
All of the
A lot of
|The amount of
The quantity of
The whole of the
A great deal of
A lot of
- Range, rate, extent, scale, percent, percentage, level, proportion, degree, ratio.Measurements:
- Length, weight, distance, height, altitude, area, volume, size, frequency, duration.
Related verbs: be, makeup, consist of, constitute, comprise, amount to, equal, account for, represent, include, record, reach, stand at, become.
4. Contrast and Similarity:
Similarly, likewise, equally, in the same way, the same, in a similar way, both…. and…., as well as, not only… but also, also, too, like x, y, …. as…. as…., just as x, y…, just as x, soy….
But, while, in contrast to, however, whereas, by contrast, nevertheless, although, instead of, yet, even though, apart from, on the other hand, as opposed to, except for, unlike.
|compare (with / to)
as distinct from
the same as
in comparison with
in contrast to
5.Verbs and nouns to describe change:
Increase, go up, rise, grow, expand, double, multiply, jump, climb, gain, raise, accelerate, develop, escalate, ascend, soar, boom.
Decrease, go down, fall, drop, decline, reduce, shrink, lessen, lower, contract, slow down, deplete, diminish, level off, collapse, plummet, plunge, slump,
Remain/unchanged/steady/stable/constant, stay the same, maintain the same, no change in, stay constant at, level out at, on a level with/at.
Increase, acceleration, development, doubling, expansion, gain, growth, rise, jump, rise, ascent, soar, upward trend, swell.
Decrease, decline, depletion, diminishing, drop, fall, lessening, lowering, downturn, collapse, reduction, slide, downward trend, slump.
Phrases: peak at, reach a peak of, stand at, hit a peak at, arrive at a climax, reach a maximum number of, soar/rock to the highest point of, reach a plateau at, fluctuate around, hit a historic low, touch/rock/reach the bottom of.
6.Adjectives and adverbials.
Amount: small, slight, limited, marginal, minor, partial, restricted, large, great, substantial, enormous, extensive, extreme, major, numerous, vast, widespread.
Emphasis: considerable, dramatic, major, marked, notable, noticeable, sharp, significant, striking, strong, substantial, insignificant, minor, slight, consistent, moderate.
Time: slow, gentle, gradual, steady, constant, fluctuating, rapid, fast, sudden, quick.
Hardly, barely, scarcely, a little, slightly, somewhat, marginally, moderately, partly, relatively, significantly, considerably, substantially, particularly, exceptionally, remarkably, dramatically, enormously, a great deal, very much, slowly, steadily, gradually, quickly, rapidly, suddenly, sharply, strongly, obviously, steeply, noticeably, markedly, considerably, remarkably, dramatically, strikingly.
Ngoài ra Linh xin giới thiệu cho các bạn thêm hai bài viết về những cụm từ NÊN sử dụng và những cụm từ CẦN TRÁNH trong IELTS Writing task 2 sau khi Linh đã hướng dẫn các bạn về cách diễn đạt, từ vựng và phrases. Các bạn nhanh tay truy cập nha hoặc có thể “dạo quanh” bài giảng online for Writing để tiến bộ trong kỹ năng Viết hơn nhé!
Chúc các bạn học tốt!
Trần Tố Linh.
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