37 giới từ cực formal giúp ẵm điểm writing “chót vót”

Có nhiều bạn khi viết thì tự nhiên lấn cấn không biết là chỗ đấy dùng giới từ gì là thích hợp nhất, nhiều khi không nắm rõ ý nghĩa của các giới từ đã khiến các bạn sử dụng không đúng cách và tạo nên những lỗi sai trong bài viết IELTS dẫn đến tụt band viết không thương tiếc. Ngoài vụ nhớ “phrasal verb” giới từ nào đi kèm với động từ nào đã vô cùng hack não thì nhiều Ielts-er còn phải vò đầu bứt trán vì không biết giới từ nào formal giới từ nào informal để viết cho chuẩn. Cô thấy cũng tội mà thôi không thể kệ các em được, nên hôm nay cô gạn lọc ra các giới từ IELTS vừa formal vừa academic trong văn viết mà lại vừa less common “không phải ai cũng biết” “không chất không lấy tiền”, đi kèm theo đó là giải thích ý nghĩa cùng ví dụ minh hoạ, mong rằng sẽ giúp các em dùng giới từ chính xác hơn và độc đáo hơn nhé!

37 giới từ formal cần thiết cho IELTS


in the middle of or during something, especially something that causes excitement or fear
Example:  He finished his speech amid tremendous applause.

2. Surrounded by something

Example:  The hotel was in a beautiful position amid lemon groves.

3. Astride

With one leg on each side of something, situated on both sides of something; lying across or over; spanning
Example:  Rights groups urged the Indonesian government to block a proposed law banning women from sitting astride motorcycles in deeply Islamic Aceh province, where the position is deemed “improper”.

4. Athwart

1.       Across, from one side to the other
Example: They put a table athwart the doorway.
2.      Not agreeing with, opposite to
Example: His statement ran athwart what was previously said.

5. Atop

On top of, at the top of
Example: Fruit and vegetable prices rose 1.3 per cent atop a 2 per cent gain last month.

6. Barring
Except for, unless there is/are
Example: Barring accidents, we should arrive on time.

7. Beneath

1.       In or to a lower position than somebody/something; under somebody/something
Example: They found the body buried beneath a pile of leaves.
2.      Not good enough for somebody
Example: He considers such jobs beneath him.

8. Beside

1.       Next to or at the side of somebody/something
Example: He sat beside her all night.
2.      Compared with somebody/something
Example: My painting looks childish beside yours.

9. Besides

In addition to somebody/something; apart from somebody/something
Example: Besides working as a doctor, he also writes novels in his spare time.

10. Beyond

1.       On or to the further side of something
Example: The road continues beyond the village up into the hills.
2.      Later than a particular time
Example: I know what I’ll be doing for the next three weeks but I haven’t thought beyond that.
3.      More than something
Example: Our success was far beyond what we thought possible.
4.      Used to say that something is not possible
Example: The situation is beyond our control.
5.      Too far or too advanced for somebody/something
Example: The exercise was beyond the abilities of most of the class.

11. Circa

(used with dates) about, in approximately
Example: She was born circa 1920.

12. Concerning

About something, involving somebody/something
Example: All cases concerning children are dealt with in a special children’s court.
Synonyms:  Apropos, Regarding, Respecting, With respect to, As for, As regards, In respect of, With regard to, In regard to

13. Considering

Used to show that you are thinking about a particular fact, and are influenced by it, when you make a statement about something
Example: Considering he has only just started, he knows quite a lot about it.

14. Despite/In spite of

Used to show that something happened or is true although something else might have happened to prevent it
Example: Despite applying for hundreds of jobs, he is still out of work.

15. Except/Except for/Apart from/Aside from

Used before mentioning the only thing or person about which a statement is not true
Example: We work every day except Sunday.

16. Excluding

Not including
Example: Lunch cost 10 dollars per person, excluding drinks.

17. Failing

Used to introduce a suggestion that could be considered if the one just mentioned is not possible
Example: Ask a friend to recommend a doctor or, failing that, ask for a list in your local library.

18. Following

After or as a result of a particular event
Example: He took charge of the family business following his father’s death.

19. Given

When you consider something
Example: Given his age (Considering how old he is), he is remarkably active.

20. Including

Having something as part of a group or set
Example: Six people were killed in the riot, including a policeman.

21. Notwithstanding

Without being affected by something; despite something
Example: Notwithstanding some financial problems, the club has had a successful year.

22. Onto

1.       Used with verbs to express movement on or to a particular place or position
Example: She stepped down from the train onto the platform.
2.      Used to show that something faces in a particular direction
Example: The window looked out onto the terrace.


1.       On the other side of a particular area from somebody/something, and usually facing them
Example: The bank is opposite the supermarket.
2.      Acting in a film or plays as the partner of somebody Example:             She starred opposite Tom Hanks.

24. Past

1.       Later than something
Example: It was past midnight when we got home.
2.       On or to the other side of somebody/something
Example: He hurried past them without stopping.
3.      Above or further than a particular point or stage
Example: Unemployment is now past the 3 million mark.

25. Per

Used to express the cost or amount of something for each
Example: This country has a higher crime rate per 100,000 of the population than most other European countries.


As something, in the role of something
Example: The soldier acted qua soldier, not as a human being.

27. Regarding

Concerning/about somebody/something
Example: She has said nothing regarding your request.

28. Respecting/With respect to

Example: information respecting the child’s whereabouts

29. Sans (writing)

Example: There were no potatoes so we had fish and chips sans the chips.

30. Save/Save for
Except something
Example: They knew nothing about her save her name.

31. Throughout


1.       In or into every part of something
Example:  They export their products to markets throughout the world.

2.       During the whole period of time of something
Example:        The museum is open daily throughout the year.

32. Towards
1.       In the direction of somebody/something
Example:        They were heading towards the German border.
2.      Getting closer to achieve something
Example:        This is a first step towards political union.
3.      Close or closer to a point in time
Example:        towards the end of April
4.       In relation to somebody/something
Example:        He was tender and warm towards her.
5.        With the aim of obtaining something, or helping somebody to obtain something
Example:              The money will go towards a new school.


1.     Under or below something else, especially when it is hidden or covered by the thing on top
Example: The coin rolled underneath the piano.
2.    Used to talk about somebody’s real feelings or character, as opposed to the way they seem to be
Example: Underneath her cool exterior she was really very frightened.


Formal use of “on”
Example: The decision was based upon two considerations.


Used to compare two different things
Example:  It was the promise of better job opportunities versus the inconvenience of moving away and leaving her friends.


1.       Through a place
Example: We flew home via Dubai.
2.       By means of a particular person, system…
Example: The news programme came to us via satellite.


1.       Before a particular period of time has passed; during a particular period of time
Example: Two elections were held within the space of a year.
1.       Not further than a particular distance from something
Example: a house within a mile of the station
3.      Inside the range or limits of something
Example: The question is not within the scope of this talk.
4.      Inside somebody/something
Example: There is discontent within the farming industry

Đây là các giới từ không phải ai cũng biết đâu nhé,có phải các em cũng cảm thấy khá lạ lẫm đúng không? Biết rồi thì nhớ ghi chú cẩn thận các em nha. Biết các giới từ academic này không thể một sớm một chiều vực dậy “cả một bầu trời” Writing được đâu các em. Các cấu trúc ngữ pháp thành văn thông dụng các em cũng phải nắm rõ nha, vì vậy cô xin tiếp tục gửi đến các em bài giảng 20 cấu trúc ngữ pháp cho IELTS Writing band 7 cung cấp cho các em điểm grammar nâng band rất hiệu quả đó. Cùng học với cô nhé.

Nếu em nào gặp vấn đề về việc tự học và không thể sắp xếp một cách khoa học các kiến thức trên bài giảng online, các em hãy đăng ký ngay khóa học IELTS tại trang IELTS Tố Linh rồi nha. Khi tham gia khóa học này, cô sẽ trau chuốt cả 4 kỹ năng và và giúp các bạn được luyện đề thường xuyên đó, đây đều sẽ bao gồm trong chương trình học IELTS của Linh nha. Chương trình học IELTS của cô luôn đảm bảo chất lượng đầu ra cho các bạn tham dự. Các bước đăng ký khóa học IELTS các bạn hãy làm theo hướng dẫn trên trang web của Linh nha. Khi đăng ký khóa học IELTS, các bạn đã nắm chắc một suất trong chương trình học IELTS cực hay và hiệu quả rồi đó. Cô rất hoan nghênh tấm lòng hiếu học của các bạn đến với chương trình học IELTS của cô. Mọi thắc mắc về chương trình học IELTS, các bạn hãy liên hệ IELTS Tố Linh để được giải đáp nhé.

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